I am working on a shelter for battered women, living in a group environment with their respective children. The home will have 7 separate bedrooms, kitchen facilities, 4 bathrooms. Per CBC, this would be considered a "congregate residence". In Section 310, Group R-2, R-3 and R-3.1 seem to have similar descriptions. Does anybody have experience with this type of building?
Are the occupants primarily permanent in nature or transient (not more than 30 days)? If transient, I would classify as an R-1.
How many occupants will be permitted in each bedroom? Will there be 16 or less total occupants? Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer occupants can be classified as an R-3. If more than 16, I would classify as an R-2 (primarily permanent in nature). An R-3.1 occupancy does not seem to be appropriate as it is limited to 6 or fewer clients.
Thank you for your reply, let me add that the women are not permanent and that most have childeren with them. It varies and so there are 7 bedrooms, each women could bring two or more childeren with them so it makes it hard to judge.
based on answer the occupancy will clearly be anticipated to be more than 16...
although there are basic 'code' aspects to resolve, it occurs to me there are other unique aspects to a shelter that will need to be considered by the designers... possible impact on adjoining properties... local traffic/noise and other zoning-related issues... security issues (battered spouses may 'bring' with them an increased risk of someone seeking them out, and potential violent acts on them, their children or others in the residence, or others - including prevention of kidnapping, etc.)... you have your work cut out for you...
Thank you for your comments. The shelter will be located on a site with enough setback on all for sides, there will be a block wall to screen praivate areas from office reception area, they are very discreet. the shelter will look like a typical home as to not stand out in the neighborhood. I wanted to make sure to identify the occupancy correctly so not to have issues with accessiblity & rating between spaces if needed.
keep in mind that although appearance may be discrete, 7 families, each with children (number undetermined), there will be a ton of in and out pedestrian and auto loading... parking for 'x' number of cars... children playing might create noise problems... many things to consider... I would suggest that rather than be complacent (by 'assuming' everything will be OK), you should consider realistic impacts, and also possible worst case impacts, and make sure you are covering them adequately so as not to face battles with the neighborhood residents or the local jurisdiction (either during approval stage or after the shelter is in operation)... hil
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